Preparing the soil for planting
What season you are in dictates what you should be planting. However, many plants, especially potted plants, can be planted at any time of the year. Check the plant tag or with horticultural staff at your hardware or garden centre for local knowledge. What is currently for sale is a good tip on what to plant.
Generally, spring is thought of as the ideal planting season as the weather and soil are warm so plants can establish before the heat of summer hits. In cold regions, planting is often delayed until late spring, when the danger of frost is over. Autumn is also a good time as it gives the plant time to establish before winter, then burst into spring growth. In many regions, winter is the season for planting bare-rooted plants, and summer is the season of colourful annuals, fruit and vegies. In the tropics and subtropics, autumn, winter and spring are all popular planting times.
Before planting check the condition of the soil. If the soil is lacking nutrients, worm and microbial activity, or is dry, compacted or waterlogged then the plant may not thrive. Planting in healthy, fertile soil, should ensure strong and healthy growth.