Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum sp.)
Chrysanthemum is an herbaceous perennial much loved for its autumn flowers. As chrysanthemums are a long-lasting cut flower that bloom in autumn around Mother’s Day in the southern hemisphere, they are widely given either as a bunch of flowers or flowering potted plants to mothers as a Mother’s Day gift.
Part of the daisy family (Asteraceae), chrysanthemums usually have many-petalled, rounded flowers in white, yellow, gold, brown, purple, pink or red. Some varieties have unusually shaped petals while others have small, button-like flowers. Chrysanthemums may also be single and daisy-like. The flowers are held on strong straight ridged stems.
Chrysanthemums are native to parts of Asia, particularly Japan, and have been widely grown and hybridised in Japan where the chrysanthemum is the national flower. There are many named and unnamed varieties. Check out your local hardware or garden centre for varieties that suit your area.
Plant as young plants in spring or as potted flowering plants in autumn. Established plants can be divided in late winter or early spring. They can also be grown from cuttings in spring or early summer.
Aspect Chrysanthemums need a bright, sunny location with sun all day, particularly in spring, summer and autumn when they are growing and flowering. They benefit from protection from hot afternoon sun and strong winds.
Soil They do best with excellent drainage soil away from sandy or clay. Add extra organic matter, homemade compost and/or Seasol Super Compost before planting. In a container, use a premium potting mix such as Seasol Advanced Potting Mix. Chrysanthemums are widely sold as flowering pot plants in autumn. After flowering, plant into the garden where the chrysanthemum will resprout and grow in spring. It will be taller than it was in the pot.
Climate Chrysanthemums grow in all but tropical climates. They are excellent as an indoor plant in all zones.