Citrus is a group that includes some of the most popular backyard fruits including lemon, lime, orange, grapefruit, mandarin, cumquat and kaffir lime (grown for its leaves). Plant potted citrus at any time (but avoid extremely hot or cold conditions). To reduce transplant stress and aid plant establishment water with Seasol when planting.
For small gardens or for containers, select citrus grafted on dwarf rooting stock such as Flying Dragon. There are also multi-grafts available with two varieties grafted on one rootstock.
While all produce fruits with different flavours from the bitter but juicy lemon to the sweet, juicy and easy-to-peel mandarin, they have common growing and care needs.
Aspect Citrus need a bright, sunny location. Ideally they should have sun from the morning onwards but can tolerate a little afternoon shade especially in hot climates.
Soil Citrus grow in a wide range of soils but require excellent drainage. In areas with poor drainage, grow citrus in raised garden beds (raised at least 30cm) or in large containers.
Climate Although most citrus are subtropical plants, they grow in all temperate climates however in cold areas, they need protection from cold winds and frosts.